Characterized by a fusion of Islamic with Gothic and Romanesque elements. •contains some important furnishings, including a font and Pisano pulpit. Example: Arc de Triomf, Barcelona; … Below you find a list of common architectural terms, sorted alphabetically. Note this is a work in progress, more terms will be added over time. Gable: The wall that encloses the end of a gable roof; triangular gable end below a roof overhand. Back to Top - O - oculus The opening in the top center of a dome, esp. •constructed of marble, plentiful and often used in Italian architecture. Archivolts may be merely painted, in interior decoration; and they may be flat bands of marble or glazed tile, as in Assyrian buildings. Gothic architecture (or pointed architecture) is an architectural style that flourished in Europe during the High and Late Middle Ages. Romanesque buildings were solid, heavy because of the thick walls, and, as a result of the comparatively small windows, dimly lighted. Sparsely decorated masonry and the use of the round arch are characteristic. — The New International Encyclopædia, 1922 Barrel (Wagon) vault : Sometimes referred to as a tunnel vault, essentially an extended arch utilized extensively for lower level passageways although often used for vaulting naves in Romanesque and Early Gothic. Façade: The exterior faces of a building, often used to refer to the wall in which the building entry is located. Glossary of Architectural Terms.
Among those who would be judged favorably in Gislebertus's Last Judgment are people carrying bags adorned with a shell and a cross. Gothic cathedrals were built with a slender skeleton, made up with pointed arches and flying … A style of buildings erected by the Normans (1066 - 1154) based on the Italian Romanesque. It was used principally in castles, churches, and abbeys of massive proportions. Chapter 12 Romanesque Europe What purpose did Gislebertus's image of the last judgement on the portal of saint- Lazare serveIt encouraged viewers to seek salvation by terrifying them. Frieze: The flat, middle portion of an entablature (sometimes decorated). Romanesque Religious… •an example of the transition from the Romanesque style to the Gothic style: the lower section is in the Romanesque style, with rounded arches, while the upper sections are in the Gothic style, with pointed arches.
that of the Pantheon in Rome. A - B - C ... who specialized in restoring Gothic and Romanesque buildings. ... usually a moulded band, used in Romanesque and Gothic architecture to support the … They had a heavy frame structure. See below for an explanation of fine art terminology used in Architecture history and practice. It evolved from Romanesque architecture and was succeeded by Renaissance architecture.It originated in 12th century northern France and England as a development of Norman architecture. Gothic Architecture did get most of its forms from the Romanesque area, things like vaults and arches although they were evolved to be used in gothic buildings.